Sunday, 27 March 2011

Forced prostitution

Sexual slavery encompasses most, if not all, forms of forced prostitution[citation needed]. The terms "forced prostitution" or "enforced prostitution" appear in international and humanitarian conventions but have been insufficiently understood and inconsistently applied. "Forced prostitution" generally refers to conditions of control over a person who is coerced by another to engage in sexual activity.[24]
The laws from Sweden, Norway and Iceland--where it is illegal to pay for sex, but not to be a prostitute—define all forms of prostitution as inherently exploitative, and abusive, and reject the notion that prostitution can be "voluntary". In contrast, prostitution is a recognized profession in countries such as Netherlands and Germany.
The question of whether prostitution should be considered a free choice or a form of exploitation of women is dividing Europe.[25]
In 1949 the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (the 1949 Convention). The 1949 Convention supersedes a number of earlier conventions that covered some aspects of forced prostitution. Signatories are charged with three obligations under the 1949 Convention: prohibition of trafficking, specific administrative and enforcement measures, and social measures aimed at trafficked persons. The 1949 Convention presents two shifts in perspective of the trafficking problem in that it views prostitutes as victims of the procurers, and in that it eschews the terms "white slave traffic" and "women," using for the first time race- and gender-neutral language.[26] Article 1 of the 1949 Convention provides punishment for any person who "[p]rocures, entices or leads away, for purposes of prostitution, another person" or "[e]xploits the prostitution of another person, even with the consent of that person." To fall under the provisions of the 1949 Convention, the trafficking need not cross international lines.[26]

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